# Five Number Summary Calculator

## Understanding the Five Number Summary in statistics

The **Five Number Summary** is a powerful tool in the field of descriptive statistics. It provides a
succinct yet comprehensive summary of a dataset, making it easier to understand the distribution and central
tendency of the data.

## Components of the Five Number Summary

The Five Number Summary consists of the following five statistical measures:

**Minimum:**This is the smallest observation in the dataset. It is an essential measure as it sets the lower boundary for the data.**First Quartile (Q1):**Also known as the lower quartile or the 25th percentile, this value indicates that 25% of the data fall below this point. It is a significant measure of data distribution.**Median (Q2):**The median is the middle value when you arrange the data in ascending or descending order. It accurately represents the center of the data and is immune to the influence of outliers.**Third Quartile (Q3):**Also known as the upper quartile or the 75th percentile, this value shows that 75% of the data fall below this point. It provides an upper boundary for the middle 50% of the data.**Maximum:**This is the highest observation in the dataset. Like the minimum, it sets an upper boundary for the data.

## Importance of the Five Number Summary

The Five Number Summary is widely used in **box plots** because it visually represents the dataset's
spread and central tendency. This summary is invaluable in statistical analysis, helping data analysts to understand
complex datasets quickly and effectively.